Brazilian Historical Monuments
The issue is composed of three stamps, each one with the image of a monument representing different time, style and region of Brazil.
For this issue, three outstanding works were selected: one from the south, one from the center and one from the north region of the country. These buildings, through philately, represent the national monuments, for the memorable and recognized artistic quality.
Equestrian Statue of D. Pedro I - Rio de Janeiro
Artist João Maximiano Mafra was the winner of the competition for this project, opened by the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in 1855. The work was carried out in Paris by Luiz Rochet. D. Pedro II inaugurated the monument on March 30, 1862, erected in the center of the Constitution Square (now Tiradentes Square). It is an exceptional cultural asset from various points of view. It was the city's first civic monument; One of the greatest pieces of bronze art in the Americas at the time and is the introductory work of romantic sculpture in Brazil. At the base, the remarkable dynamic allegories of four Brazilian rivers (Amazonas, Paraná, Madeira and São Francisco) are represented by sculptural groups with indigenous people, wild animals and
native plants. In the frieze of the pedestal are the shields of the twenty provinces of Brazil at that time. In the main face, next to the Brazilian arms, it reads: "To D. Pedro I, gratitude of the Brazilians". The base, built in carioca granite, is 3.30m high, the bronze pedestal measures 6.40m to the top of the cornice and the equestrian statue is 6.00m high